Where Does the Turing Test take place? On the Space that Begets "Intelligent Artifices"
The first of this three-part seminar described the mathematical space
of the Turing test in particular, and of artificial intelligence in
general. The clarification of Turing's 'imitation game' was set in the
historical and socio-political context of mathematical logic and cryptology.
The second session evaluated the two basic philosophical attacks against
artificial intelligence: John Searle's Chinese room argument, and Hubert
Dreyfus's phenomenological critique of artificial reason.
The third session showed that the claims for artificial intelligence,
while consonant with certain basic beliefs and practices of industrial
high modernity, also mark the beginning of virtual spaces that are insensible
*Searle, John., Can computers think? in Minds, Brains, and Science, Harvard University Press, 1984, pp.28-41
*Turing, A.M., Computing Machinery and Intelligence, MIND, v. LIX, no. 236 (1950).
Dreyfus, Hubert., Introduction to the MIT Press Edition, in What Computers Still Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason., MIT Press, 1992, pp.ix-lii
Lyotard, J.F., The Inhuman, Stanford University Press
Post, Emile, Finite combinatory Processes-Formulation I, Journal of Symbolic Logic, 1, no.3, (1936).
Turing, A.M., On computable numbers with an application to the entsheidungsproblem, Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, ser. 2, vol. 42, (1936-37), s. 230-266.